Creating Active Cities Yields Benefits for Health, Environment, and Economy
- Physical activity is one of the most important influences on health, but many millions are insufficiently active.
- Recent research has identified the design of cities and transportation systems as major contributors to inactive lifestyles in the USA and many other countries.
- People of all ages living in suburban areas where they have to drive to common destinations are much less active and tend to be more obese than residents of denser urban areas where they can walk for daily needs.
- The design of streetscapes also matters. People of all ages whose neighborhoods have good sidewalks, safe street crossings, and narrower streets do more walking for transportation.
- There is abundant evidence that designing all elements of cities to support active lifestyles produces numerous health benefits, but also enhances environmental sustainability and economic vitality.
- Changes is zoning, transportation, real estate, and parks policies are occurring nationwide.
- Name 5 common diseases that physical activity helps prevent.
- List 4 urban design principles that can support physical activity.
- List 4 streetscape design elements that can support walking for transportation.
- Identify 3 policy initiatives in the USA that are promoting activity-supportive cities.
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